To bring one to a trial and examination, or to ascertain the truth or the quality or fitness of a thing. Something hy which to ascertain the truth respecting another thing; a criterion, gauge, standard, or norm. In public law, an inquiry or examination addressed to a person appointed or elected to a public office, to ascertain his qualifications therefor, hut particularly a scrutiny of his political, religious, or social views, or his attitude of past and present loyalty or dis- loyalty to the government under which he is to act. See Attorney General v. Detroit Common Council, OS Mich. 213, 24 N. W. 887, 55 Am. Rep. 075; People v. Hoffman, 110 111. 587. 5 N. E. 500, 50 Am. Rep. 703; Rogers v. Buffalo, 51 Hun, 037, 3 N. Y. Supp. 074.