Legal Articles

Three Features of a Kangaroo Court



Court proceedings that lack the due process protections people associate with courts of law have earned the name “kangaroo court.” The term has been in use since at least the 19th century, but it is difficult to pinpoint an exact source for it or to determine why its name includes a reference to an animal […]

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KILLED BY MISADVENTURE

a phrase that means to be accidentally killed but not during the committing of an act this is unlawful.

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KEEP IN REPAIR

a clause found in leases that binds the lessee to keep the premises in a good condition.

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KIDNAPPING LAW

federal offense when a person is taken forcibly from one state to another or to a different country.

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KNOWINGLY AND WILLFULLY

a term used to apply to a crime that is carried out intentionally and with a full awareness.

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KANGAROO COURT

the name that is given to an unauthorised court that is set up without legal power and authority that takes the law into its own hands.

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KEEPING THE PEACE

the term that means to maintain public order and to prevent violence and other unlawful behaviour.

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KNOWN

term used to describe a thing that is recognised, like a well known person, a fact that is understood or a thing that is familiar.

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KNOWN HEIRS

the name given to the people who are recognised with the right to inherit.

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KEEP

a term meaning to hold, to maintain, to support, to retain in possession and to take care of.

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KITING CHECKS

term that describes writing a cheque from another bank to cover a cheque that is overdrawn.

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KERBEROS

User authentication scheme for Open source (non-proprietary) and public domain (free). A client-server environment’s network security system. Named after Greek mythology’s fierce three-headed guard dog. At user login and every service request, it verifies the user. To encrypt data It uses private or secret keys known as ‘tickets’. Contrast to public keys. Based on symmetric key cryptography and data encryption standard algorithms, it was developed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

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KEY SPLITTING

Security scheme requiring unifying parts so that a decryption key can be used. Separated parts occur by dividing a code number or decryption algorithm into two or more parts so that no single part in itself can be used.

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KIDNAP-RANSOM INSURANCE

Rather rare coverage found in few markets. No standard rates exist. A financial institution protects itself in case a named employee is kidnapped and to be ransomed.

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KNOCK-OUT OPTION

Event-driven benefit payoff tied to something not occurring like a specific change in an asset’s price. Contrast to knock-in option.

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KYOTO PROTOCOL

Industrialized countries excluding the US agree to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. Negotiated in 1997 in Kyoto, Japan.

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KERMIT

Software named after the Muppet frog character in the children’s educational program, Sesame Street. Controls data exchanges between PCs and mainframe computers. It is an asynchronous file-transfer protocol, largely replaced by internet protocols (IP), but was once popular during the electronic bulletin board era. Automatic error detection and correction during transmission over ‘noisy’ telephone lines was its strength. Lack of speed was its weakness. Developed at Columbia University as an open source, non-proprietary and public domain, free software.

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KEY TASK ANALYSIS

Typically employed in managerial or supervisory level employee training. Determining the level of performance required, time taken, quality of outcome, and total job or project quality by the study of a set of operation(s). Also called key results analysis,

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KIDS IN PARENTS’ POCKETS ERODING RETIREMENT SAVINGS (KIPPERS)

Parents usually dip into retirement monies to offset extra bills when an adult child returns home unable to live because the expense is too great.

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KNOOP HARDNESS (KH)

Expressed in kilograms of force as a ratio of applied force. Penetration depth is measured in millimeters. Material hardness test of impact depth, not area. A pointed rhombohedral diamond is a highly polished, elongated pyramidical used to cause the impact.

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