Legal Articles

Three Features of a Kangaroo Court



Court proceedings that lack the due process protections people associate with courts of law have earned the name “kangaroo court.” The term has been in use since at least the 19th century, but it is difficult to pinpoint an exact source for it or to determine why its name includes a reference to an animal […]

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KEEP IN REPAIR

a clause found in leases that binds the lessee to keep the premises in a good condition.

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KIDNAPPING LAW

federal offense when a person is taken forcibly from one state to another or to a different country.

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KNOWINGLY AND WILLFULLY

a term used to apply to a crime that is carried out intentionally and with a full awareness.

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KANGAROO COURT

the name that is given to an unauthorised court that is set up without legal power and authority that takes the law into its own hands.

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KEEPING THE PEACE

the term that means to maintain public order and to prevent violence and other unlawful behaviour.

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KNOWN

term used to describe a thing that is recognised, like a well known person, a fact that is understood or a thing that is familiar.

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KNOWN HEIRS

the name given to the people who are recognised with the right to inherit.

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KEEP

a term meaning to hold, to maintain, to support, to retain in possession and to take care of.

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KITING CHECKS

term that describes writing a cheque from another bank to cover a cheque that is overdrawn.

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KILLED BY MISADVENTURE

a phrase that means to be accidentally killed but not during the committing of an act this is unlawful.

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KERNEL

Computer operating system nucleus. Manages core operations and hardware resources allocation. Also refer to shell.

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KEY TELEPHONE SYSTEM (KTS)

Alternative to a private branch exchange (PBX) phone system, smaller, cheaper, but less flexible. Allows a caller to directly select outgoing lines, incoming calls, or use intercom and conference facilities via several buttons. A user does not have to dial ‘9’ to access an outgoing line as with PBX, but does not have automatic routing of incoming calls. A KTS is user-installable, handling multiple lines with no surcharge to the telephone company. However, a hunt-group service is not available.

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KILL

Cancelling an investment transaction prior to the system receiving its posting.

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KNOWLEDGE ASSET

A copyright, patent, other documentation that generates income as intellectual capital.

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KAIZEN

Small but continual improvements involving everyone from the chief executive to the lowest level workers achieves higher standards in quality enhancement and waste reduction. Mosaki Imai popularized it in his book ‘Kaizen: The Key To Japan’s competitive Success.’ Japanese term for a gradual approach.

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KERNING

Spatial adjusting between certain characters along a text line. Natural shape and slope improve character appearance. Letter combinations like WA and VA look awkward and slow smooth eye flow along a text line. Kerning smoothes the letter shapes. In italic types, this becomes crucial. Increasing font size as in headlines will show poor kerning. Adobe PageMaker, Adobe Indesign, and Quark’Xpress are well-known and used modern desktop publishing programs. Each allows both automatic and manual kerning. Simultaneous spatial adjustment of many letters along text lines is known as range kerning. Also refer to letter spacing and tracking.

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KEYBOARD

Computer-system external input device for data entry. It could be to a mobile device, a personal computer, or any other electronic machine. This device has keys with alphabetic, numerical, and common symbols used in everyday transcription. Personal computers connect to this device through serial or USB plugs. Also refer to QWERTY keyboard, Dvorak keyboard.

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KILLER BEES

While being overcome in a hostile bidding war, a company receives a saving grace.

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KNOWLEDGE BASE

Concepts, data, objectives, requirements, rules, and specifications as an organized knowledge repository. Typically this is a computer system, less often, an organization. It can be (1) a retrieval either as an expert system or artificial intelligence; (2) a human-based retrieval. As a system, it is software-based relational using data forms, design constructs, couplings, and linkages. As a human, physical documents and textual information is its basis.

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