What is CHANCE?

In criminal law. An accident ; an unexpected, unforeseen, or uuin- tended consequence of an act; a fortuitous event. The opposite of intention, design, or contrivance. There is a wide difference between chance and accident. The one is the intervention of some unlooked-for circumstance to prevent an expected result; the other is the uncalculated effect of mere luck. The shot discharged at random strikes its object by chance; that which is turned aside from its well-directed aim by some unforeseen circumstance misses its mark by accident. Pure chance consists in the entire absence of all the means of calculating results ; accident, in the unusual prevention of an effect naturally resulting from the means employed. Harless v. U. S., Morris (Iowa) 173.

More On This Topic



Link to This Definition
Did you find this definition of CHANCE helpful? You can share it by copying the code below and adding it to your blog or web page.
Written and fact checked by The Law Dictionary