Marijuana: Recreational, Grow, & Medical Laws By State 2020

marijuana laws by state

Each state has its own laws regarding the recreational use of marijuana, concentrates, paraphernalia, medicinal use, and cultivation. As of now, a total of 11 states have laws that make recreational use of marijuana legal. However, in some of these states, recreational use and growing are legal, but paraphernalia is still a felony.

In 17 states recreational use isn’t legal to any extent, and in the remaining 22 states marijuana use is decriminalized. Which is still illegal, but slightly different. In the states where marijuana use is decriminalized, people may still face jail time and criminal charges for any amount of marijuana. Additionally, the decriminalization may or may not include concentrates and paraphernalia.

On the topic of medical, however, 31 states allow for medical marijuana. We didn’t include states with medical CBD laws in this total count because it’s technically not the same, but it would bring the total up to 35 (as of now) if we had. We did note which states those are in their paragraph, but we didn’t label them as medical for this article. And in 10 states marijuana is not legal to any extent.

Suffice it to say there is little crossover between laws in one state and even the one next door.

With the House of Representatives is planning a floor vote on federal cannabis legalization in September (2020), we may see more widespread legalization. An official from the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy’s National Marijuana Initiative admitted that teen cannabis use is going down in states that have enacted legalization, which may help swing the vote. At least towards some sort of unity in the laws.

 

marijuana laws

Before we get into this, here are some terms to know:

 

  • Felony classes: some states rank them from A – F, while others are numerical. The most serious crime you can be charged with is a Class A or a Class 1 and it drops off after that until you eventually get down to misdemeanors. 
  • Misdemeanors: are a step under felonies, but can still be pretty serious and involve jail time. 
  • Decriminalized: is not the same as legalization and does not mean it’s legal. It just means the state brought their punishments down – by how much is up to them. For example, in Florida, it’s decriminalized. But the punishments in Florida are still harsher there than those in New Jersey where it’s not decriminalized. 
  • Local decriminalization: means in some select towns, counties, or cities it is decriminalized to a point. What that point is, depends on the town that locally decriminalized it. Even if several parts of a state are locally decriminalized, each town could differ. 
  • Simple Possession: the exact definition depends on the state, but usually possessing something without the intent to deliver, distribute, and/or sell. Charged very differently than possession with intent. 
  • Possession with intent: this applies to the drug, plant, or paraphernalia. Intent could be to deliver (driving), distribute (give it away), sell, or use. Some states don’t recognize intent to use, deliver, or distribute, but most do. 
  • Manufacturing v. Cultivation: in some states, even where recreational use is legal, cultivation is charged as manufacturing or possession with intent to sell or distribute. In other states, it’s charged as simple possession. If you plan to grow, be super careful about the laws in your state because it’s usually a felony if you break this law.

 

Alabama (Not Legal)

AL Personal Use Laws: Misdemeanor for first-time offenders with one year of jail time and a $6,000 fine. Repeat offenders are charged with a Class C felony and can face one to 10 years in jail and a $15,000 fine. 

AL Hash Possession: Being in possession of any amount of hash or concentrate is classified as a felony and could result in anything from one to 10 years of jail time and a $15,000 fine. 

AL Medical Marijuana: Full strength medical marijuana is still illegal in Alabama. However, some patients are allowed lowgrade THC marijuana for medical purposes like seizures. Though the bill is still waiting to fully pass.

AL Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Misdemeanor with one year of jail time and a $6,000 fine.

AL Cannabis Cultivation: Growing cannabis or any derivatives on your personal property can result in a trafficking felony. Punishable by a minimum three years imprisonment and a $25,000 fine.

 

Alaska (Recreational & Medical)

AK Personal Use Laws: Anyone 21 or over can legally possess one ounce (28g) or marijuana. 

AK Hash Possession: Three grams or less of hash, hash oil, or other concentrated forms of marijuana is a misdemeanor with a penalty of up to one year in jail and $10,000 in fines. Above three grams is a max of two years in prison and a $50,000 fine.

AK Medical Marijuana: Legal. 

AK Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Legal 

AK Cannabis Cultivation: You can have up to six marijuana plants as long as three or fewer are flowering and hidden from public view. Additionally, they need to be secured so no one with unauthorized access can get to them. 

 

Arizona (Medical) 

AZ Personal Use Laws: Illegal regardless of the amount. But anything over 2lb. You could face a Class 6 felony

AZ Hash Possession: A felony with one to three years of jail time and up to a $150,000 fine. 

AZ Medical Marijuana: Legal, but with limitations. You can possess 2.5 ounces every two weeks (14 days.)

AZ Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Felony charge with 4 months to two years’ jail time, with a fine up to $150,000. 

AZ Cannabis Cultivation: Medical marijuana patients can grow up to 12 plants if they don’t have a dispensary within 25 miles of their homes. However, you also need ADHS to designate you as a medical marijuana cultivator.

 

Arkansas (Medical)

AR Personal Use Laws: Possession of any amount of marijuana is illegal. Anything under 4 oz. is considered a Class A misdemeanor for first-time offenders with jail time a year or less and fines of up to $2,500. Charges go up from there depending on the weight and number of offenses to a Class A felony with a 30-year sentence and $15,000 fine. 

AR Hash Possession: Unlike many other states, AR charges hash and concentrates the same as marijuana. See above for more details.

AR Medical Marijuana: Patients and caregivers may purchase up to 2.5 ounces of marijuana, or 71 grams, of medical cannabis every 14 days from one state-approved dispensary if they have a medical card. 

AR Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession with purpose to use paraphernalia is a Class A misdemeanor, punishable by up to 1 year in jail and a fine of up to $2,500. Grow paraphernalia is a Class D Felony, punishable by up to 6 years in prison and a fine of up to $10,000.

AR Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation is charged as either simple possession (see personal use above) or simple possession with intent to deliver. 

 

California (Recreational & Medical)

CA Personal Use Laws: Up to one oz for personal use is legal in CA as long as you’re over 21 and not using it on school grounds or other restricted public areas. 

CA Hash Possession: Adults over 21 years of age who are not participating in the state’s medical cannabis program can possess up to eight grams of concentrates.

CA Medical Marijuana: Legal and the laws for personal v. medical for growing and possession are usually the same. However, in some circumstances, you can possess or grow more than personal users and growers. 

CA Drug Paraphernalia Laws: There’s no penalty for simple possession, but with intent to sell or deliver is a misdemeanor punishable by a minimum of 15 days jail time and a $30 – $500 fine. 

CA Cannabis Cultivation: Adults over 21 who are not participating in the state’s medical cannabis program can grow up to six plants.

 

Colorado (Recreational & Medical)

CO Personal Use Laws: Adults 21+ can legally possess up to one ounce. 

CO Hash Possession: The wording in the law states you can possess up to 28g (one oz.) of THC. Because of that, you can have up to one oz in concentrates like hash, shatter, or wax as well. 

CO Medical Marijuana: Medical patients can have up to two ounces. 

CO Drug Paraphernalia Laws: 

CO Cannabis Cultivation: Residents 21+ can cultivate up to six plants. Three of which can be in the flowering stage. Medical Marijuana patients may grow an additional 12 plants, or more if allotted by their recommending physician.

 

Connecticut (Decriminalized <.5 oz & Medical)

CT Personal Use Laws: Decriminalized under ½ an oz with fines from $150 – $500 in addition to confiscations. Anything over ½ oz is charged as a misdemeanor regardless of first or repeat offenders.  

CT Hash Possession: Same as marijuana, see above. 

CT Medical Marijuana: 2.5 oz is the legal limit for CT medical cardholders. 

CT Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Decriminalized with the intent to use it to cultivate, distribute, or inhale or ingest less than 1/2 oz is an infraction with a $300 fine and confiscation. Any weight above ½ oz is a misdemeanor with fines from $500 – $2,000 and jail time ranging from three months to a year.

CT Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation is a felony with jail time ranging from seven to 25 years and fines from $25,000 to $100,000 depending on the weight. 

 

Delaware (Decriminalized <1 oz & Medical)

DE Personal Use Laws: Up to an oz is charged as a civil penalty, usually with confiscation, and a fine of $100. One oz to 175 g is a misdemeanor and anything above that is a felony charge. 

DE Hash Possession: Charged the same as marijuana, see above. 

DE Medical Marijuana: Up to six oz is legal for qualified medical cardholders. 

DE Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession of paraphernalia with intent to use on 1 oz or less is a civil penalty, usually with confiscation, and a fine of $100. Intent to use on more than 1 oz is a misdemeanor, and with intent to deliver is a felony. 

DE Cannabis Cultivation

 

Florida (Decriminalization & Medical) 

FL Personal Use Laws: Up to 20g is a misdemeanor. Anything over is a felony. Jail time ranges from one – 30 years and fines go from $1,000 – $200,000. 

FL Hash Possession: Hash and other concentrates are a felony in any amount with jail time of up to five years and a fine of $5,000. 

FL Medical Marijuana: Legal – but how much, what kind, and in what quantities are largely variable-dependent. 

FL Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Misdemeanor with jail time of up to a year and fine of $1,000. 

FL Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation is classified as possession in Florida and the sentence depends on the weight and number of the plants. See above for range. Though, with that in mind, it’s worth noting the maximum penalties are reserved for those in possession of 10,000 lbs or more. 

 

Georgia (Local Decriminalization)

GA Personal Use Laws: In some spots in Georgia, weed is decriminalized. For most of the state, however, 1 oz or less is a misdemeanor with jail time of up to a year and fines of $1,000. Anything above is a felony with one to 10 years in prison and fines up to $5,000. With intent, the charges go up.  

GA Hash Possession: A felony regardless of weight with minimum jail time of a year and fines of $5,000. It’s important to note the weights and charges differ substantially for solids versus liquids in Georgia. 

GA Medical Marijuana: Low THC, high CBD oil is legal for those who qualify, but medical marijuana is not legal in GA. 

GA Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession or possession with intent are charged the same with jail time up to a year and fines up to $1,000. 

GA Cannabis Cultivation: A felony regardless of weight with a minimum sentence of one year and a $5,000 fine for anything under 10 lb. Higher weights go up from there to a maximum sentence of 40 years and fines up to 1,000,000. 

 

Hawaii (Medical)

HI Personal Use Laws: Anything under 3g is punishable by confiscation and a $130 fine. 3 g – under 1 oz is a misdemeanor with up to 30 days jail time and a $1,000 fine. Anything over is a felony, but weight caps at 1lb with jail time up to five years and a fine of up to $10,000. 

HI Hash Possession: Anything under 1/8th oz is charged as a misdemeanor with up to one year of jail time and fines of $2,000. Anything over an 1/8th is charged as a felony with 10 – 20 years of jail times and fines ranging from $25,000 – $50,000.

HI Medical Marijuana: Legal possession goes up to four ounces for qualifying medical cardholders. 

HI Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Paraphernalia is always charged as a felony, but there is a separate charge for selling to a minor at least 3 years your junior. Jail time ranges from a max of five – 10 years with fines from $10,000 – $20,000. 

HI Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation is only charged for anything over 25 plants (or growing on someone else’s property), but all cultivation charges are felonies. Anything under 25 plants is charged as possession (see above for weight-based penalties.) 

 

Idaho (Not Legal)

ID Personal Use Laws: Anything under 3 oz is a misdemeanor with up to one year in jail and fines up to $1,000. Anything over 3 oz. and under 1 lb. is a felony with up to five years in jails and a $10,000 fine. Anything over one lb. is considered possession with intent to distribute, but is charged as trafficking which is a felony that maxes out with five years of jail times and fines of $50,000. 

ID Hash Possession: Same as cannabis, see above. 

ID Medical Marijuana: The Medical Marijuana Act was passed in 2019 in Idaho, but has still yet to come to fruition. 

ID Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession is treated as a misdemeanor with jail time up to one year and fines up to $1,000. Manufacturing or sales are charged as a felony with a maxim jail time of nine years and fines up to $30,000. 

ID Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in Idaho is treated as trafficking for anything over 25 plants. Anything under 25 plants is treated by weight, which could range from simple possession to possession with intent – or back to trafficking if the weight is enough. 

 

Illinois (Recreational & Medical)

IL Personal Use Laws: Under 30g for residents and under 15g for visitors is legal. Anything above that but under 100g is a misdemeanor, and anything over 100g is a felony. 

IL Hash Possession: Any concentrate 5g or under is legal for residents and 2.5g for visitors. Concentrate penalties above that are the same as the ones for cannabis, see above for more info. 

IL Medical Marijuana: Medical marijiana is available with the same restrictions residents have for recreational. 

IL Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession of paraphernalia with more than 10 g of marijuana is a misdemeanor with up to one year in jail and a fine of up to $ 2,500.

IL Cannabis Cultivation: Medical cannabis patients can legally grow five plants or less. If you’re not a medical patient, five plants or less is a violation with a $200 fine and confiscation. Anything above that is a heavily penalized felony with fines up to $100,000 and jail time up to 15 years

 

Indiana (Not Legal)

IN Personal Use Laws: Any amount of marijuana is at least a misdemeanor starting with 180 days of jail time and up to $1,000 in fines. 30g or more is a felony with six to two and a half years in jail and a $10,000 fine. 

IN Hash Possession: Anything under 5g is a Class A misdemeanor, punishable by a maximum sentence of one year imprisonment and a maximum fine of $5,000.

IN Medical Marijuana: One of 17 states still without any medical laws about marijuana. 

IN Drug Paraphernalia Laws: For first-time offenders, it’s an infraction with confiscation and up to a $10,000 fine. For subsequent offenders, it’s a felony with jail time of up to two and a half years and a max fine of $10,000. 

IN Cannabis Cultivation: Illegal and the punishment is based on weight. The punishments by weight start at under 30gs which is a misdemeanor with 1 year in jail and a $5,000 fine. It goes up to 10lb – which is a felony – with a max of six years and a $10,000 fine. 

 

Iowa (Not Legal)

IA Personal Use Laws: Illegal in any amount and always charged as a misdemeanor, but instead of by weight – like most states – IA charges by how many times someone has offended previously. The first offense is up to a six months incarceration and $1,000 in fines. The second offense goes up to one year and $1,875, and the third time goes up to two years and $6,250. Subsequent offenders may have to finish a mandatory rehab program.

IA Hash Possession: Penalties are the same for hash and concentrates as they are for marijuana. 

IA Medical Marijuana: Not legal in IA.

IA Drug Paraphernalia Laws: A misdemeanor with up to six months of jail time and a fine of up to $1,000.

IA Cannabis Cultivation: In IA, cultivation is always a felony that’s charged by weight with minimum jail sentences in some cases. Fines range from $7,500 – $1 mil with jail time going from possibly a few months to 25 years. 

 

Kansas (Not Legal)

KS Personal Use Laws: Any amount is a misdemeanor with up to six months of jail time and a fine of up to $1,000. Any amount over 450g is considered possession with intent to distribute and it’s a felony that comes with probation or jail time up to 42 months and a fine up to $100,000.

KS Hash Possession: Hash and concentrate laws are the same as those for marijuana, see above. 

KS Medical Marijuana: CBD with 0% THC is legal, but it’s available for personal as well as medical. No real medical marijuana law exists in KS. 

KS Drug Paraphernalia Laws: KS has several levels of paraphernalia laws ranging from storing to growing, the majority of which are misdemeanors that carry a max of 17 months in jail and fines maxing out at $100,000. 

KS Cannabis Cultivation: Anything under four plants is charged as simple possession, see above. Anything above four plants is a felony ranging from 46 – 204 months in jail and a fine from $300,000 – $500,000 depending on the number of plants. 

 

Kentucky (Not Legal)

KY Personal Use Laws: Anything under 8 oz. is a misdemeanor with up to 45 days of incarceration and a $250 fine. Anything above 8 oz. but under 5lb is considered possession with intent to traffick, which is a felony with one to five years of jail time and a $10,000 fine for a first offender. 5lbs or more is also a felony with five to 10 years of jail time with a fine up to $10,000 for first-time offenders.

KY Hash Possession: The laws for hash and concentrates in KY are the same as those for marijuana, see above.

KY Medical Marijuana: Not legal

KY Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Charged as a misdemeanor with up to one year in jail and a fine of up to $500. 

KY Cannabis Cultivation: Anything less than 5 plants for a first time offender is a misdemeanor with up to one year in jail and a fine of up to $500. Anything above that – or for subsequent offenses – goes up to 10 years and $10,000.

 

Louisiana (Local Decriminalization & Medical)

LA Personal Use Laws: First offenders with under 2.5lbs can be sentenced to up to 6 months and $500 in fines. However, subsequent offenders with less than 2.5lbs may have to go through probation. Anything over 2.5lbs has a minimum jail time starting at two years.

LA Hash Possession: Punishments for hash and other concentrates are the same as those for cannabis in Louisiana. 

LA Medical Marijuana: Legal and limits need to be determined by a licensed physician. 

LA Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Not specifically covered by Louisiana laws. 

LA Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in any amount is a mandatory minimum sentence of five years in jail and a fine up to $50,000 for a first time offender. Subsequent offenses jump up to a minimum of 10 years and fines up to $100,000. 

 

Maine (Recreational & Medical)

ME Personal Use Laws: 2.5 oz. or less is legal in Maine for personal use. Public use is a fine of up to $100. 

ME Hash Possession: Hash and concentrates are legal for up to 5g. 

ME Medical Marijuana: Legal in Maine

ME Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession is legal in ME, but the sale is illegal with potential jail time up to six months and a $1,000 fine. 

ME Cannabis Cultivation: Three plants or less is legal in ME. However, four to 100 plants is punishable by up to one year in jail and a fine of up to $2,000. 

 

Maryland (Decriminalized <10g & Medical)

MD Personal Use Laws: Anything under 10g is decriminalized, but still comes with a $100 fine. Anything between 10g and 50lbs is a misdemeanor with a max of 1 year and a fine no more than $1,000. Anything over 50lb is a felony.

MD Hash Possession: Hash and concentrates are the same as marijuana, see above. 

MD Medical Marijuana: Legal with a medical card.

MD Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession in MD is a civil offense with no fine and no jail time. Possession of controlled paraphernalia is a misdemeanor with up to one year of jail time and a fine of $1,000. 

MD Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation is charged by weight, see person use laws above.

 

Massachusetts (Recreational & Medical)

MA Personal Use Laws: Up to 1 oz is legal on your person, but in your home 10 oz is legal. 

MA Hash Possession: Hash and concentrates are legal up to 5g. Between 5g to one ounce is a civil offense with a $100 fine. Anything over that, you’re facing potential jail time. 

MA Medical Marijuana: Legal with a medical card.

MA Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Selling, possessing, or purchasing paraphernalia is legal in MA. Selling to someone under 18 is a felony with 3 to 5 years of jail time and fines up to $5,000. 

MA Cannabis Cultivation: Up to six plants is legal.

 

Michigan (Recreational & Medical)

MI Personal Use Laws: Up to 2.5 oz on your person or 10 oz in your home is legal in MI. More than 2.5 oz but less than 5 oz is a civil infraction with a $500 fine. 

MI Hash Possession: Possessing a concentrate or hash unde 15g is legal. 

MI Medical Marijuana: Legal

MI Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Legal

MI Cannabis Cultivation: In MI, you can grow up to 12 plants legally. Between 13 – 24 is an infraction with a $500 fine. Anything over 25 is a felony.

 

Minnesota (Decriminalized <42.5g & Medical) 

MN Personal Use Laws: Any amount under 42.5g is a misdemeanor with no jail time, but does come with a $200 fine. 

MN Hash Possession: Hash and other concentrates are treated the same as marijuana under the law, see above.

MN Medical Marijuana: Legal

MN Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession or sale is always a misdemeanor, simple possession comes with a $300 fine. 

MN Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation is charged by weight and the weight is treated the same as marijuana, see above. 

 

Mississippi (Decriminalized <30g)

MS Personal Use Laws: Anything under 30g for your first offense is just a $250 fine, for your second offense is a misdemeanor with minimum jail time of five days and a fine up to $250. 

MS Hash Possession: Anything amount of hash or concentrate is likely to fetch you a felony with up to 30 years of jail time and fines up to $1,000,000.

MS Medical Marijuana: CBD is legal for medical purposes, cannabis is not. 

MS Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Simple possession is a misdemeanor with up to six months of jail time and fines up to $500. 

MS Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation is generally charged by weight and – depending on the weight – could be a fine without charges or a felony. 

 

Missouri (Decriminalized)

MO Personal Use Laws: Any amount is at least a misdemeanor. Up to 10g on your first offense, there’s a $500 fine but not jail time. Your second offense up to 10g is a $2,000 fin and up to a year in jail. Anything over 35g is a felony. 

MO Hash Possession: Penalties are the same for hash and concentrate as they are for marijuana, see above. 

MO Medical Marijuana: Not legal, but medical CBD is. 

MO Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Paraphernalia charges – in most common cases – are a misdemeanor. The first offense is a fine of $500, second offense is a $2,00 fine with up to one year in jail. 

MO Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation is measured in weight, but any weight is a felony ranging from 4 – 15 years of jail time and of $10,000. 

 

Montana (Decriminalized <60g & Medical)

MT Personal Use Laws: Any amount is at least a misdemeanor, but a first offense under 60g is the most lenient with up to 6 months in jail and a $500 fine. A second offense for under 60g is up to three years in jail and a max fine of $1,000. 

MT Hash Possession: The punishments are the same, but for lower limits. The above is true for hash or concentrates weighing one gram or less/ 

MT Medical Marijuana: Legal

MT Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession, manufacturing, or distribution is a misdemeanor with up to 6 months and a $500 fine. 

MT Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in any amount is a felony with jail time from two years to life and fines up to $10,000. 

 

Nebraska (Decriminalized)

NE Personal Use Laws: For a first-time offender 1 oz or less is an infraction with a $300 fine. Second offenders for the same weight could be charged with a misdemeanor, be in jail for five days, and pay fines of up to $500. Though the only weight that’s a felony is 1lb or more. 

NE Hash Possession: Possession of any hash or concentrate is a felony with jail time up to 5 years and fines up to $10,000. 

NE Medical Marijuana: Not legal

NE Drug Paraphernalia Laws: First offense of possessing paraphernalia is an infraction with a $100 fine. Subsequent offenses aren’t clearly specified. 

NE Cannabis Cultivation: Growing in any amount is charged as manufacturing and is a felony in any amount, with a minimum of one year in jail and fines up to $25,000. 

 

Nevada (Recreational & Medical) 

NV Personal Use Laws: It’s legal up to 1 oz., anything over 1 oz. or possession or use in public are both misdemeanors with $600 fines. 

NV Hash Possession: Up to 3.5g of concentrate or hash is legal in NV.

NV Medical Marijuana: Legal

NV Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession or use is legal for those over 21. Sale to a minor who is at least 3 years younger is a felony. 

NV Cannabis Cultivation: Not expressly legal, but anything over 12 plants is a felony for recreational use. For medical cardholders, up to six plants can be grown if they’re located 25 miles or more from a marijuana retailer. 

 

New Hampshire (Decriminalized & Medical)

NH Personal Use Laws: ¾ oz for first or second offense is a civil violation with a $100 fine. Anything over that is a misdemeanor with up to one year of jail time and fines up to $350. 

NH Hash Possession: Possession of 5g or less of hash or concentration in NH is a civil violation with a $100 fine for first or second offenders. A higher weight is charged as a misdemeanor with no other weight tiers. 

NH Medical Marijuana: Legal

NH Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Misdemeanor with up to one year in jail and fines up to $2,000. 

NH Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation of marijuana is charged as possession with intent to sell and is charged by weight, though regardless of weight, it’s always a felony. At the low end, it’s a max of 3 years and $25,000 in fines, at the high end it goes up to 20 years and up to $300,000 in fines. 

 

New Jersey (Medical)

NJ Personal Use Laws: 50g or less is charged as “disorderly” with a fine up to $1,000 and a max of six months incarceration in NJ. Anything over that is simply charged as a “crime” with up to a year and a half jail time and a max fine of $25,000. 

NJ Hash Possession: Possession of 5g or less of hash or concentrates in NJ is charged as “disorderly” with a max sentence of six months and a max fine of $1,000. Possession of more than 5g is charged as a crime with max jail time of six months and a max fine of $25,000 unless near a school or a school bus. 

NJ Medical Marijuana: Legal

NJ Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession or use or paraphernalia in NJ is charged as disorderly with a max sentence of six months and a max fine of $1,000. 

NJ Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation of any amount of plants is charged as a crime with a bare minimum of three years of jail time. Fines range from a max of $25,000 to $300,000 depending on the weight or number of plants. 

 

New Mexico (Decriminalized <.5 oz & Medical)

NM Personal Use Laws: Up to half an oz comes with a $50 fine, but no charges or jail time. Anything over .5 oz but below 8 oz is a misdemeanor and anything above 8 oz is a felony. 

NM Hash Possession: Possession in any amount is a misdemeanor in NM, with jail time up to a year and fines up to $1,000. 

NM Medical Marijuana: Legal

NM Drug Paraphernalia Laws: There is a $50 fine for possession, but no charges or jail time. Distribution to a minor, however, is a felony. 

NM Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in any amount is a felony in NM, but jail time and fines differ by the number of prior offenses. 

 

New York (Decriminalized & Medical) 

NY Personal Use Laws: Anything under 2 oz is a violation with no jail time, fines max out at $200. In public view is also a violation with no charges or jail time with fines up to $200. 

NY Hash Possession: Anything under ¼ oz is a misdemeanor with up to one year in jail and fines up to $1,000. Anything ¼ oz or more is a felony with up to 15 years of jail time and fines up to $15,000 depending on the weight. 

NY Medical Marijuana: Legal

NY Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession or sale of scales for weighing marijuana – or related – is a misdemeanor with up to a year in jail, but no fines. Any other paraphernalia is not expressly covered under NY law.

NY Cannabis Cultivation: Any amount is a misdemeanor with jail time up to one year and fines up to $1,000. 

 

North Carolina (Decriminalized <.5 oz)

NC Personal Use Laws: Anything under .5 oz is a misdemeanor without jail time and fines up to $200. Anything from .5 – 1.5 oz is a misdemeanor with jail time from one to 45 days and fines up to $1,000. Anything over 1.5oz but under 10lb is a felony with 3 – 8 months in jail and fines up to $1,000. Anything over 10lb is charged as possession with intent and comes with a mandatory minimum sentence depending on weight. 

NC Hash Possession: Possession of less than .05 oz is a misdemeanor with a max sentence of 10 days in jail and fines up to $200. It goes up from there based on weight. 

NC Medical Marijuana: Medical CBD is available, marijuana is not. 

NC Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Use, possession, sale, delivery, or manufacture of paraphernalia is a misdemeanor with a 1 – 45-day sentence and fines up to $ 1,000.

NC Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in any amount is a felony in NC, anything under 10lb doesn’t have a mandatory minimum sentence, but jail time could range from 3 – 8 months with fines up to $1,000. Anything over 10lbs has a minimum sentence starting at two years and going up to 14 years depending on the weight. 

 

North Dakota (Decriminalized <.5 oz & Medical)

ND Personal Use Laws: Less than 1/2 oz is a criminal Infraction with up to $ 1,000 in fines. Anything over that is a misdemeanor with a max of 1 year in jail and fines topping out at $3,000 – depending on the weight. 

ND Hash Possession: Ingesting is a misdemeanor, but possessing is a felony regardless of the amount for either charge. Both come with a max of 1 year in jail and fines up to $1,000. 

ND Medical Marijuana: Legal

ND Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession for personal use is charged as an infraction with fines up to $1,000. 

ND Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in ND is charged as possession and is charged by weight, see above. 

 

Ohio (Decriminalized <100g & Medical)

OH Personal Use Laws: Anything less than 100g is a misdemeanor without jail time and fine sup to $100. Anything over will land jail time from a max of 30 days to a minimum of eight years depending on the weight and fines ranging from $250 – $20,000. Anything over 200g is a felony. 

OH Hash Possession: Possession of less than 5g of solids or 1g of liquid is a misdemeanor without jail time but fines up to $150. Anything over that could be jail time from a max of 30 days to eight years depending on the weight. 

OH Medical Marijuana: Legal

OH Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession is a misdemeanor without jail time and fines up to $150. 

OH Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation is charged as possession in OH, see above for penalties by weight. 

 

Oklahoma (Medical)

OK Personal Use Laws: Any amount – regardless of the number of offenses – is a misdemeanor with max jail time of a year and fines up to $1,000. 

OK Hash Possession: Possession of hash and concentrates is charged the same as marijuana, see above. 

OK Medical Marijuana: Legal

OK Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession of paraphernalia in OK is charged by offense, though all are misdemeanors with max jail time of a year. First offense has a max of fine of $1,00, second is $5,000, and third is $10,000. 

OK Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation of cannabis in OK is charged as either possession or with intent to distribute depending on the amount. See above. 

 

Oregon (Recreational & Medical)

OR Personal Use Laws: Possession is charged by weight and location in OR. Possessing one oz or less on your person is legal outside of your home, 8 oz or less of homegrown is legal in your home. The max charges – regardless of weight – is a misdemeanor. 

OR Hash Possession: 16 oz or less solid infused, 72 oz or less liquid infused, or 1 oz or less extract at home is legal in OR as long as it was purchased from a retailer. If it wasn’t, it’s charged as manufacturing – which is a felony. 

OR Medical Marijuana: Legal

OR Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Legal as long as the intent to manufacture, deliver, sell, or distribute isn’t there. 

OR Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivating up to four plants in your home is legal in OR. 

 

Pennsylvania (Decriminalized <30g & Medical)

PA Personal Use Laws: 30g or less is charged as a misdemeanor with a max of 30 days jail time and a max fine of $500. 

PA Hash Possession: Possession of 8g or less is a misdemeanor with a max sentence of 30 days and a max fine of $500. 

PA Medical Marijuana: Legal

PA Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession or sale is a misdemeanor with a six to 12-month sentence and fines up to $2,500. 

PA Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivating in any amount is illegal in PA and is charged as a felony with 2.5 – 5 years of jail time and a max fine of $15,000. 

 

Rhode Island (Decriminalized <1 oz. & Medical)

RI Personal Use Laws: Less than an oz is a civil violation without jail time and fines up to $150.

RI Hash Possession: Penalties for hash and concentrates are the same as marijuana, see above. 

RI Medical Marijuana: Legal

RI Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Simple possession is not expressly covered by RI law. 

RI Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in any amount is charged as a felony in RI with jail time maxing out at life in prison and fines topping out at $100,000. 

 

South Carolina (Not Legal)

SC Personal Use Laws: Possession of 1 ounce or less is a misdemeanor punishable by a maximum sentence of 30 days imprisonment and a fine of $100-$200. Subsequent convictions for possession of 1 ounce or less is a misdemeanor punishable by a maximum sentence of one year imprisonment and a maximum fine of $2,000.

SC Hash Possession: Possession of 10 g or less is a misdemeanor with a max of 30 days and a max fine of $200.

SC Medical Marijuana: Medical CBD is available in SC, but not medical marijuana. 

SC Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession is a civil citation with fines up to $500. 

SC Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in any amount is a felony with jail time maxing out at 5 years for under 100 plants and fine up to $5,000. For numbers above 100, the max jail time and fines go up to a mandatory minimum of 25 years and max fines of $200,000.

 

South Dakota (Not Legal)

SD Personal Use Laws: 2 oz or less is charged as a misdemeanor with a max sentence of one year and a maxim fine of $2,000. Anything above that is charged as a felony. 

SD Hash Possession: Possession of any amount of hash or concentrate in SD is a felony with a max sentence of 10 years and a max fine of $20,000. Subsequent offenses carry heavier penalties. 

SD Medical Marijuana: Not legal

SD Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession of paraphernalia in SD is a misdemeanor punishable by a max of 30 days in jail and max fines up to $500. 

SD Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in South Dakota will be punished based upon the aggregate weight of the plants found as either simple possession or as possession with the intent to distribute.

 

Tennessee (Not Legal)

TN Personal Use Laws: ½ oz or less is charged as a misdemeanor with max jail time of one year. The fines are mandatory and go up per offense. Anything over ½ oz is charged as possession with intent to sell and is charged as a felony.

TN Hash Possession: Simple possession is charged as a misdemeanor with up to 11 months in jail and fines up to $2,500. 

TN Medical Marijuana: Medical CBD is legal, medical marijuana isn’t available in TN. 

TN Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession of paraphernalia is a misdemeanor with a max of one year and fines up to $2,500.

TN Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in any amount is charged as a felony and each tier goes up with jail time and fines based on the number of plants. Anything under 10 plants is jail time of up to six years and fines up to $5,000. 

 

Texas (Decriminalization < 2 oz)

TX Personal Use Laws: 2 oz or less is charged as a misdemeanor with jail time up to 180 days and fines up to $2,000. 

TX Hash Possession: Possession of hash or concentrates in TX is a felony regardless of weight with jail time ranging from 180 days to life and fines ranging from $10,000 to $50,000. 

TX Medical Marijuana: Medical CBD is legal, medical marijuana is not.

TX Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession is a misdemeanor with no jail time and fines up to $500. 

TX Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in TX is charged as possession by weight, see above. 

 

Utah (Medical)

UT Personal Use Laws: Anything under 1lb is charged as a misdemeanor, jail time and fines vary by weight, but they top out at one year and $2,500. For felonies, they obviously get more severe, but even for over 100lbs, the max jail time is 15 years and $10,000. 

UT Hash Possession: Penalties for hash and concentrates are the same as those for weed, see above. 

UT Medical Marijuana: Legal

UT Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession is a misdemeanor with fines up to $1,000 and a max sentence of six months in jail. 

UT Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in UT is charged as simple possession, see above for penalties by weight. 

 

Vermont (Recreational & Medical) 

VT Personal Use Laws: Possession of 1 oz or less is legal in VT regardless of location. 

VT Hash Possession: 5g or less of hash or concentrates is legal in VT. 

VT Medical Marijuana: Legal

VT Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Possession of paraphernalia is a civil violation without jail time, but with max fines of $200. 

VT Cannabis Cultivation: The cultivation of two mature plants or four immature plants is legal in VT. 

 

Virginia (Decriminalized < 1 oz.)

VA Personal Use Laws: Up to 1 oz is not charged with jail time, but is a civil violation with a fine up to $25. 

VA Hash Possession: Charged the same as marijuana, see above.  

VA Medical Marijuana: Medical CBD is available, medical marijuana is not. 

VA Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Simple possession is not expressly covered in VA laws. 

VA Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation is charged as manufacturing in VA and at any amount is a felony with bare minimum jail time of one year. 

 

Washington (Recreational & Medical)

WA Personal Use Laws: 1 oz or less is legal for personal consumption in your home, but personal consumption or possession in public is a civil penalty with a maxim of $100. 

WA Hash Possession: 16 oz or less marijuana-infused product solid form, 72 oz or less marijuana-infused product liquid form, or 7 g marijuana concentrate is legal in WA. 

WA Medical Marijuana: Legal

WA Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Legal in WA without intent.

WA Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation for either personal use or distribution is a class C felony punishable by up to 5 years imprisonment and/or a fine up to $10,000. An additional mandatory fine of $1,000 applies to first offenses and $2,000 to second or subsequent offenses.

 

West Virginia (Medical) 

WV Personal Use Laws: Any amount is a misdemeanor with a maxim sentence of 90 days – 6 months and a fine up to $1,000. 

WV Hash Possession: Penalties for hashish are the same as for marijuana, see above.

WV Medical Marijuana: Legal

WV Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Simple possession is not expressly illegal in WV laws.

WV Cannabis Cultivation: Charged the same as simple possession or possession with intent to sell, see above penalties. 

 

Wisconsin (Decriminalized)

WI Personal Use Laws: First offense for any amount is a misdemeanor with max jail time of six months and a max fine of $1,000. A second offense for any amount is a felony with max jail time of 3.5 years and a max fine of $10,000. 

WI Hash Possession: Hash and concentrates are treated the same as marijuana, see above for penalties.  

WI Medical Marijuana: Not legal, but medical CBD is. 

WI Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Use or possession with intent to use paraphernalia is a misdemeanor with a maxim sentence of 30 days in jail and a max fine of $500. 

WI Cannabis Cultivation: Cultivation in any amount is charged as a felony. Each tier is based on the number of plants, starting at anything under four plants. 

 

Wyoming (Not Legal)

WY Personal Use Laws: 3 oz or less is a misdemeanor with a max sentence of 12 months and a max fine of $1,000. More than 3 oz is a felony with a max sentence of 5 years and maximum fines of $10,000.

WY Hash Possession: Possession of .3 g liquid or less is a misdemeanor with a maxim sentence of 12 months and a max fine of $1,000. More than 0.3 g liquid is a felony with a max sentence of five years and a maxim $10,000 fine. 

WY Medical Marijuana: Medical CBD is legal, medical marijuana is not. 

WY Drug Paraphernalia Laws: Illegal, but not classified, with a max sentence of six months and maximum fines of $750. 

WY Cannabis Cultivation: Any amount is a misdemeanor with a max sentence of six months and max fines of $1,000.

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