Legal Articles

JUS NATURAL

See law of nature.

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JUDGE DE FACTO

the name that is given to a judge who is serving from the result of a legitimate appointment or election.

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JURY TRIAL

a term used to describe a trial by jury that is different from a trial by a judge only.

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JAYWALKING

the term that applies to crossing a street in the wrong place and walking diagonally across the road.

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JURY BOX

the term that describes the space where the jury sits during the trial.

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JOINT VENTURE

See partnership.

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JUDGMENT OF RESPONDE AT OUSTER

a Latin phrase where the judgement against a defendant on an issue of law is raised by his defense.

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JOINDER OF ERROR

the written denial of any errors to have allegedly taken place.

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JUMPING BAIL

The term that issued when a person disappears before the trial and is in violation of posted bail.

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JUDICIAL IMMUNITY

term that describes the immunity that a judge has from civil liability for actions performed as a judge.

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JUDGMENT OF CONVICTION

the term given to the formally recorded sentence listed din the clerk’s records.

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JURY GRAND

the term that describes the jury of 12 to 24 men and women who will hear all of the court witnesses and evidence.

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JOINT TORT

a term where a wrong will be shared between 2 or more people as they are responsible jointly.

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JOINT LIABILITY

term that means having equal responsibility.

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JURY PROCESS

The method that a jury is summonsed and compelled to attend a court.

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JOINDER OF ACTIONS

This means to combine 2 or more issues, rights and demands in the one lawsuit.

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JURY SPECIAL

the name used to describe a jury that is specially picked due to the importance of the matter before court.

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JOINDER IN PLEADING

This means to accept the issues that are raised in a suit by the opposing party.

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JUST COMPENSATION

the term used when a payment is given for taking over private property and using it for public use.

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JUDICIAL AUTHORITY

the term given to the power given to a judge that allows him to hear a case and to decide in favour of one party.

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