MACHINE

In patent law. Any contrivance used to regulate or augment force or motion; more properly, a complex structure, cousisting of a combination, or peculiar modification, of the mechanical powers.The term “machine,” in patent law, includes every mechanical device, or combination of mechanical powers and devices, to perform some function and produce a certain effect or result. But where the result or effect is produced by chemical action, by the operation or application of some element or power of nature, or of one substance to another, such modes, methods, or operations are called “processes.” A new process is usually the result of discovery; a machine, of invention. Corning v. Burden, 15 How. 252. 267, 14 L. Ed. 683. And see Pittsburgh Reduction Co. v. Cowles Electric Co. (C. C.) 55 Fed. 316 ; Westinghouse v. Boyden Power Brake Co.. 170 U. S. 537, 18 Sup. Ct. 707, 42 L. Ed. 1136; Burr v. Durvee, 1 Wall. 570, 17 L. Ed. 650: Stearns v. Russell, 85 Fed. 225, 29 C. C. A. 121; Wintermute v. Redington, 30 Fed. Cas. 370.

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