A rule requiring european companies to have a board of a certain size.
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Total paid to workers in an accounting period, daily, weekly, monthly, or job basis. Payroll, related taxes, benefits is the cost of wages.
First Monday in September; an observed US Federal holiday. Authorized in 1882, it gives a guaranteed day off to working individuals. Parades, cookouts, and shopping are a typical event on this holiday. Established as a day of rest, yet offering instore specials, most retailers open as normal.
A specific job market like construction or manufacturing needing employees and workers.
Gap regarding the terms and conditions of employment, fringe benefits, hours or work, tenure, wages being negotiated during collective bargaining between an employer and its employees
As prices, profits, wages, and working conditions change economic behavior of employers and employees is studied as this subject.
1. Company count of workers. 2. Economic count of people employed or job hunting.
Count of employed or is seeking employment over total population, shown as a percentage.
Productive effort of one person in one hour as a work unit. Also known as man hour.
Time-and-material contract. Contractor accountable for doing the job, not supplying any materials. The contract owner / principal supplies necessary materials and pays a fixed rate compensation covering overhead , profit, and any other negotiated items. Contract covers a set number of labor or man hours or days, or ends when specific conditions are satisfied.
The difference between the budgeted work hours and the actual idle paid hours. For example, if employees have an 8,000-hours budget making products, but only work 7,800 hours, then 200 hours is idle time. Calculating further by multiplying idle time by wage rate gives idle time costs. As an example, wage rate of $10/hour calcs to $2,000 cost (200 hours x $10/hour). Also refer to direct labor efficiency variance.
High amount of Physical effort. labor, required to accomplish a specific action. Examples of labor intensive industries are agriculture, construction, and coal-mining industries. Larger portion of total costs is labor, compared to costs for purchase, maintenance, and depreciation of capital equipment. Also refer to capital intensive.
Labor laws first arrived as standards in the Industrial Revolution. Labor laws have two categories: collective and individual. Collective labor law covers union, employer and employee relationships. Individual labor law covers employees’ workplace rights. Enforced by government agencies, legal rulings collectively cover working people, their organizations, trade unions and employee unions. Also known as employment law.
A US law passed in 1959, also known as the Landrum-Griffin Act. Regulates labor union interactions with members and businesses. The law mandated regulatory and transparency provisions, certain standards for union leadership, secret elections for unionizing, Department of Labor oversight.
Workers find paying work, employers find willing workers, and both agree to wage rates in this nominal market.
Stealing an employee from a company by offering greater incentives. Intent is to gain intellectual capital and deprive the competitor of a potentially key employee.
Worker output rate. Typically compared against an established standard or expected rate of output. Calculated for one worker or a worker group per unit of time.
The difference at a point in time between the expected paid work and the actual amount paid. Calculate actual labor rate per hour and standard labor rate per hour and then multiply by number of hours actually worked. The difference between the them calculates the labor rate variance.
the name that is given to state or federal laws that govern the relationships between employees and employers.
Forecasting or analyzing labor performance as computed, estimated, or measured values. Examples of these are assembly time, operations per hour, output per unit of time.