The Law Dictionary

Your Free Online Legal Dictionary • Featuring Black’s Law Dictionary, 2nd Ed.

Category: P

POLL-TAX

A capitation tax; a tax of a specific sum levied upon each person with in the jurisdiction of the taxing power and within a certain class (as, all males of a cer-

PONERE

Lat. To put, place, lay, or set. Often used in the Latin terms and phrases of the old law.

PORT

A place for the lading and unlading of the cargoes of vessels, and the col- lection of duties or customs upon imports and exports. A place, either on the sea- coast or

POSITIVE EAW

Law actually and specifically enacted or adopted by i>roper au- thority for the government of an organized jural society. “A ‘law,’ in the sense in which that term is employed in jurisprudence,

POST CONQUESTUM

After the Conquest. Words inserted in the king’s title by King Edward I., and constantly used in the time of Edward III. Tomlins.

POSTMASTER

An ofiicer of the United States, appointed to take charge of a local post-oflice aud transact the business of receiving and forwarding the mails at that point, and such other business as

PERPETUAL CURACY

The office of a curate in a parish where there is no spiritual rector or vicar, but where a clerk (curate) is appointed to officiate there by the impropriator. 2 Burn. Ecc.

PROXIMATE AND REMOTE DAMAGES

Proximate damages are the immediate and direct damages and natural results of the act complained of, and such as are usual and might have been expected. Remote damages are those attributable immediately

PECUNIARY DAMAGES

Such as can be estimated in and compensated by money; not merely the loss of money or salable property or rights, but all such loss, deprivation, or injury as can be made

PRESUMPTIVE DAMAGES

A term occasionally used as the equivalent of “exemplary” or “punitive” damages. Murphv v. Hobbs. 7 Colo. 541, 5 Pac. 119, 49 Am. Rep. 300

PROSPECTIVE DAMAGES

Damages which are expected to follow from the act or state of facts made the basis of a plaintiff’s suit; damages which have not yet accrued, at the time of the trial,

PASSIVE DEBT

A debt upon which, by agreement between the debtor and creditor, no interest is payable, as distinguished from active debt; i. c., a debt upon which interest is payable. In this sense,

PUBLIC DEBT

That which is due or owing by the government of a state or nation. The terms “public debt” and “public securities,” used in legislation, are terms generally applied to national or state

PURE DEBT

In Scotch law. A debt due now and unconditionally is so called. It is thus distinguished from a future debt,

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