To ratify, make firm, confirm, establish, reassert. To ratify or confirm a former law or judg- [-J meut. Cowell. In the practice of appellate courts, to affirm a judgment, decree, or order, is to declare that it is valid and right, and must stand as rendered below; to ratify and reassert it; to I concur in its correctness and confirm its effi- ‘ cacy. In pleading. To allege or aver a matter of fact; to state it affirmatively; the op|Hisite of deny or traverse. . In practice. To ma’:e affirmation; to J make a solemn and formal declaration or asseveration that an affidavit is true, that the witness will tell the truth, etc.. this being substituted for an oath in certain cases. Also, to give testimony on affirmation. |t In the law of contracts. A party is said to affirm a contract the same being voidable at his election, when he ratifies and accepts it, waives his right to annul it, and proceeds under it as if it had been valid ^ originally.