A religious order of knighthood, instituted about the year 1110, and so called because the members dwelt iu a part of the temple of Jerusalem, aud not far from the sepulclier of our Lord. They entertained Christian strangers and pilgrims char- itably, aud their profession was at first to defend travelers from highwaymen and rob- bers. The order was suppressed A. D. 1307, and their substance given partly to the knights of St. John of Jerusalem, and partly to other religious orders. Brown.

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