The act by which an officer renounces the further exercise of his office and returns the same into the bauds of those from whom he received it. In ecclesiastical law. Besignation is where a parson, vicar, or other beneficed clergyman voluntarily gives up and surrenders his charge aud preferment to those from whom he received the same. It is usually done by an Instrument attested by a notary. Phillim. Ecc. Law, 517. In Scotch law. The return of a fee into the hands of the superior. Bell.