What is INGENUUS?

l. Applied sometimes also to the barons. INGENUUS. In Roman law. A person who, immediately that he was born, was a free person. He was opposed to libertinus, or libcrtus, who, having been born a slave, was afterwards manumitted or made free. It is not the same as the English law term “gcncrosus,” which denoted a person not merely free, but of good family. There were no distinctions among ingenui; but among libertini there were (prior to Justinian’s abolition of the distinctions) three varieties, namely: Those of the highest rank, called “Civcs Romani;” those of the second rank, called “Latirvi Juniani;” and those of the lowest rank, called “Dcditicii.” Brown.

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