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CROPPER Definition & Legal Meaning

Definition & Citations:

One who, having no interest in the land, works it in consideration of receiving a portion of the crop for his labor. Fry v. Jones. 2 Rawle (Pa.) 11; Wood v. Garrison (Ky.) 62 S. W. 728; Steel v. Frick. 56 Pa. 172. The difference between a tenant and a cropper is: A tenant has an estate in the land for the term, and, consequently, he has a right of property in the crops. Until division, the right of property and of possession in the whole is the tenant’s. A cropper has no estate in the land; and, although he has in some sense the possession of the crop, it is the possession of a servant only, and is, in law, that of the landlord, who must divide off to the cropper his share. Harrison v. Ricks, 71 N. C. 7.


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