At the common law. One brought for the specific recovery of lands, tenements, or hereditaments. Steph. PI. 3; Crocker v. Black. 10 Mass. 448; Hall v. Decker, 48 Me. 250; Doe v. Waterloo Min. Co., 43 Fed. 220. Among the civilians, real actions, otherwise called “vindications,” were those in which a man demanded something that was his own. They were founded on dominion, or jus in re. The real actions of the Roman law were not, like the real actions of the common law, confined to real estate, hut they included personal, as well as real, property. Wharton. In French commercial law. Stock in a company, or shares in a corporation. In Scotch law. A suit or judicial proceeding.