Morgan Stanley was founded in 1935 by Henry S. Morgan and Harold Stanley. In 2008, the company converted from an investment bank to a bank holding company during a global credit crisis. International financial firm, specializing in investment and other services to entities of all sizes. Recognized as a world-leading investment bank. Employs thousands of financial professionals world-wide, serving as their broker dealer. Institutional securities, investment management, and global wealth management its primary focus.