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COLLISION Definition & Legal Meaning

Definition & Citations:

In maritime law. The act of ships or vessels striking together. In its strict sense, collision means the impact of two vessels both moving, and is distinguished from allision, which designates the striking of a moving vessel against one that is stationary. But collision is used in a broad sense, to include allision, and perhaps other species of encounters between vessels. Wright v. Brown, 4 Ind. 9T, 58 Am. Dec. G22; London Assur. Co. v. Compauhia De Moageus, G8 Fed. 258, 15 C. C. A. 379; Towing Co. v. TLtna Ins. Co., 23 App. Div. 152, 48 N. Y. Supp. 927. The term is not inapplicable to cases where a stationary vessel is struck by one under way. strictly termed “allision or where one vessel is brought into contact with another by swinging at anchor. And even an injury received by a vessel at her moorings, in consequence of being violently rubbed or pressed against by a second vessel lying along-side of her. in consequence of a collision against such second vessel by a third one under way, may be compensated for, under the general head of “collision.” as well as an injury which is the direct result of a “blow.” properly so called. The Moxey, Abb. Adm. 73, Fed. Cas. No. 9,S94


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