Document on which the lender bases the decision to lend. A loan application is neither a pledge by the applicant nor a commitment by the lender. Contains essential financial and other borrower information. Detailed business plan, 3-year and loan-life current and projected income statements showing profit and loss, balance sheet, and cash flow statement are required for a business loan. Loan amount and purpose, period and means of repayment, and guaranties and/or collateral offered are required of a company applying for a loan. Banks generally use standard forms for the applicant to fill-in for a consumer loan. Also known as credit application.