Legal Articles

VISITOR OF MANNERS

The regard- er’s office in the forest. Manw. 1. 195.

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VOCABULA ARTIS

Lat Words of art; technical terms. YOCABULA ARTIUM 1212 VOLUNTARY Vocabula artium explicanda sunt secundum definitiones prudentum. Terms of arts are to be explained according to tbe definitions of the learned or skilled Lin such arts.] Bl. Law Tracts, 6.

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VOLUNTAS

Lat Properly, volition, purpose, or intention, or a design or the feeling or impulse which prompts the commission of an act; but in old English law the term was often used to denote a will, that Is, the last will and testament of a decedent more properly called testamentum. Voluntas donatoris in charta doni sui manifeste expressa observetur. Co. Litt. 21. The will of the donor manifestly expressed in his deed of gift is to be observed. Voluntas est jnsta sententia de eo quod quis post mortem suam fieri velit. A will Is an exact opinion or determination concerning that which each one wishes to be done after his death. Voluntas et propositum distinguunt maleficia. The will and the proposed end distinguish crimes. Bract, fols. 2b, 136b. Voluntas facit quod in testamento scriptum valeat. Dig. 30, 1, 12, 3. It is intention which gives effect to the wording of a will. Voluntas in delictis, non exitus spec* tatur. 2 Inst 57. In crimes, the will, and not the consequence, is looked to. Voluntas repntatur pro facto. The intention is to be taken for the deed. 3 lust 69 ; Broom, Max. 311. Voluntas testatoris est ambulatoria usque ad extremum vitae exitum. 4 Coke, 61. The will of a testator is ambulatory until the latest moment of life. Voluntas testatoris babet interpreta- tionem latam et benignam. Jenk. Cent. 260. The intention of a testator has a broad and benignant interpretation. Voluntas ultima testatoris est perim- plenda secundum veram intentionem suam. Co. Litt. 322. The last will of the les.ator is to be fulfilled according to his true intention.

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VOLUNTARY ANSWER

in the practice of the court of chancery, was an answer put in by a defendant, when the plaintiff had filed no interrogatories which required to be answered. Hunt, Eq.

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VOLUNTARY ASSIGNMENT

An assignment for the benefit of his creditors made by a debtor voluntarily ; as distinguished from a compulsory assignment which takes place by operation of law in proceedings in. bankruptcy or insolvency. Presumably it means an assignment of a debtor’s property in trust to pay his debts generally, in distinction from a transfer of property to a particular creditor in payment of his demand, or to a conveyance by way of collateral security or mortgage. Dias v. Bouchaud, 10 Paige. (N. Y.) 445.

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VICE-CHANCELLOR

In English law. A judge of the court of chancery, acting as assistant to the lord chancellor, and holding a separate court, from whose judgment an appeal lay to the chancellor. 3 Steph. Comm. 418.

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VOLUNTARY CONVEYANCE

A conveyance without valuable consideration; such as a deed or settlement in favor of a wife or children. See Gentry v. Field. 143 Mo. 399. 45 S. V. 2S6; Trumbull v. ITewitt, 62 Conn. 451. 26 Atl. 350; Martin v. White, 115 Ga. 800, 42 S. E. 279. As to fraudulent conveyances, see FRAUDULENT

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