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SPIRITUAL COURTS

In English law. The ecclesiastical courts, or courts Christian. See 3 Bl. Comm. 01

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SINGLE BOND

A deed whereby the obligor obliges himself, his heirs, executors, and administrators, to pay a certain sum of money to the obligee at a day named, without terms of defeasance.

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SECOND COUSINS

Persons who are related to each other by descending from the same great-grandfather or great- grandmother. The children of one’s first cousins are his second cousins. These are sometimes called “‘first cousins once removed.” Slade v. Fooks 9 Sim. 387; Corporation of Bridgnorth v. Collins, 15 Sim. 541.

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SPECIAL ADMINISTRATION

Authority to administer upon some few particular effects of a decedent as opposed to authority to administer his whole estate. In re Senate Bill, 12 Colo. 193, 21 Pac. 4S2; Clemens v. Walker, 40 Ala. 198.

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SPECIAL CALENDAR

A calendar or list of causes, containing those set down specially for hearing, trial, or argument.

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SECURED CREDITOR

See SECURED.

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SDIFICARE

Lat. In civil and old English law. To make or build a house; to erect a building. Dig. 45, 1, 75, 7.

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SPECIAL CHARGE

A charge or instruction given by the court to the jury, upon some particular point or question involved in the ease, and usually in response to counsel’s request for such instruction

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SUBSEQUENT CREDITOR

One whose claim or demand accrued or came into existence after a given fact or transaction, such as the recording of a deed or mortgage or the execution of a voluntary conveyance. McGhee v. Wells. 57 S. C. 280, 35 S. E. 529, 76 Am. St. Rep. 507; Evans v. Lewis, 30 Ohio St. 14

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S1GYLDE

Uncompensated, unpaid for, unavenged. From the participle of exclusion, a,

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SECRET COMMITTEE

A secret committee of the house of commons is a committee specially appointed to investigate a certain matter, and to which secrecy being deemed necessary in furtherance of its objects, its proceedings are conducted with closed doors, to the exclusion of ail persons not members of the committee. All other committees are open to members of the house, although they may not be serving upon them. Brown

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STATUTORY CRIMES

Those created h.v statutes, as distinguished from such as are known to, or cognizable by, the common law.

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SQUITAS EST CORRECTIO LEGIS GENERALITER LATSE, QUA PARTE DEFICIT

Equity is the correction of that wherein the law, by reason of its generality, is deficient Plowd. 375.

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STATE COMPTROLLER

A supervising officer of revenue in a state government, whose principal duty is the final auditing and settling of all claims against the state. State v. Doron, 5 Nev. 413.

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SPECIAL ALLOCATUR

The special allowance of a writ (particularly a writ of error) which is required in some particular cases.

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SYNONYMS DISTINGUISHED

A “condition” Is to be distinguished from a limitation, In that I he latter may be to or for the benefit of a stranger, who may then take advantage of its determination, while only the grantor, or those who stand in his place, can take advantage of a condition. (IToselton v. Hosel- ton, 100 Mo. 182. 05 S. W. 1005; Stearns v. Gofrey, 10 Me. 15S:) and in that a limitation ends the estate without entry or claim, which is not true of a condition. It also differs from a conditional limitation; for in the latter the estate is limited over to a third person, while in case of a simple condition it reverts to the grantor, or his heirs or devisees, (Church v. Grant, 3 Gray [Mass.) 147. 03 Am. Dec. 725.) It differs also from a covenant, which can be made by either grantor or grantee, while only the grantor can make a condition. (Co. Litt. 70.) A charrjc is a devise of land with a bequest out of the subject-matter, and a charge upon the devisee personally, in respect of the estate devised, gives him an estate on condition. A condition also differs from a remainder; for, while the former may operate to defeat the estate before its natural termination. the latter cannot take effect until the completion of the preceding estate.

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Synonyms

Lunacy, at the common law, was a term used to describe the state of one who, by sickness, grief, or other accident, has wholly lost his memory and understanding. Co. Litt 2406, 247a; Com. v. Haskell, 2 Brewst (Pa.) 490. It is distinguished from idiocy, an idiot being one who from his birth has had no memory or understanding, while lunacy implies the possession and subsequent loss of mental powers. Bicknell v. Spear, 38 Misc. Rep. 3S9, 77 N. T. Supp. 920. On the other hand, luuacy is a total deprivation or suspension of the or- dinary powers of the mind, and Is to be distinguished from imbecility, where there is a more or less advanced decay and feebleness of the intellectual faculties. Iu re Vanaukeu, 10 N. J. Eq. 180, 195; Odell v. Buck, 21 Wend. (N. Y.) 142. As to all other forms of insanity, lunacy was originally distinguished by the occurrence of lucid intervals, and hence might be described as a periodical or recurrent insanity. In re Anderson, 132 N. C. 243, 43 S. E. 049; Hiett v. Shull, 3(5 W. Va. 503, 15 S. E. 140. But while these distinctions are still observed in some jurisdictions, they are more generally disregarded; so that, at present, in inquisitions of lunacy and other such proceedings, the term “lunacy” has almost everywhere come to be synonymous with “insanity,” and is used as a general description of all forms of derangement or mental unsouuduess, this rule being established by statute in many states and by judicial decisions in others. In re Clark, 175 N. Y. 139, 07 N. I’i 212; Smith v. Hickenbot- tom, 57 Iowa, 733, 11 N. W. 004; Casou v. Owens, 100 Ga. 142, 28 S. E. 75; In re Ilill, 31 N. J. Eq. 203. Cases of arrested mental development would come within the definition of lunacy, that is, where the patient was born with a normal brain,,but the cessation of mental growth occurred in infancy or so near it that he never acquired auy greater intelligence or discretion than belongs to a normally healthy child. Such a subject might be scientifically denominated an “idiot,” but not legally, for in law the latter term is applicable only to congenital amentia. The term “lucid interval” means not an apparent tranquility or seeming repose, or cessation of the violent symptoms of the disorder, or a simple diminution or remission of the disease, but a temporary cure

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S25 NON INTROMITTANT CLAUSE

point of law. Wharton; Ilaggart v. Morgan, 5 X. Y. 422. 55 Am. Dec. 350; Evans v. Southern Turnpike Co., 18 Ind. 101. The plea of HOW est factum is a denial of the execution of the instrument sued upon, and applies to notes or other instruments, as well as deeds, and applies only when the execution of the instrument is alleged to be the act of the party tiling the plea, or adopted by him. Code Ga. 1SS2.

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SPECIAL CUSTOM

A particular or local custom: one which, in respect to the sphere of its observance, does not extend throughout the entire state or country, but is confined to some particular district or locality. 1 Bl. Comm. 67; Bodfish v. Fox, 23 Me. 95, 39 Am. Dec. 611.

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SPECULATIVE DAMAGES

Prospective or anticipated damages from the same acts or facts constituting the present cause of action, but which depend upon future developments which are contingent, conjectural, or improbable.

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