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SICKNESS

Disease; malady; any morbid condition of the body (including insanity) which, for the time being, hinders or prevents the organs from normally discharging their several functions. L. R. 8 Q. B. 295.

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STRAW BAIL NOMINAL OR WORTHLESS BAIL

Irresponsible persons, or men of no property, who make a practice of going bail for any one who will pay them a fee therefor.

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SUMMARY CONVICTION

The conviction of a person, (usually for a minor misdemeanor,) as the result of his trial before a magistrate or court, without the intervention of a jury, which is authorized by statute in England and in many of the states. In these proceedings there is no intervention of a jury, but the party accused is acquitted or condemned by the suffrage of such person only as the statute has appointed to be his judge. A conviction reached on such a magistrate’s trial is called a “summary conviction.” Brown; Blair v. Com., 25 Grat. (Va.) 853.

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SPECIAL BAILIFF

A deputy sheriff, appointed at the request of a party to a suit, for the special purpose of serving or executing some writ or process in such suit.

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SPIRITUAL CORPORATIONS

Corporations, the members of which are entirely spiritual persons, and incorporated as such, for the furtherance of religion and perpetuating the rights of the church.

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SAVINGS BANK

An institution in the nature of a bank, formed or established for the purpose of receiving deposits of money, for the benefit of the persons depositing, to accumulate the produce of so much thereof as shall not be required by the depositors, their executors or administrators, at compound interest, and to return the whole or any part of such deposit, and the produce thereof, to the depositors, their executors or administrators, deducting out of such produce so much as shall be required for the necessary expenses attending the management of such institution, but deriving no benefit whatever from any such deposit or the produce thereof. Grant. Banks, 546; Johnson v. Ward, 2 111. App. 274; Com. v. Reading Sav. Bank. 133 Mass. 16. 19, 43 Am. Rep. 495; National Bank of Redemption v. Boston, 125 U. S. 60, 8 Sup. Ct 772, 31 L. Ed. 689; Barrett v. Bloomfield Sav. Inst., 64 N. J. Eq. 425, 54 Atl. 543.

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SECURITY FOR COSTS

In practice. A security which a defendant in an action may require of a plaintiff who does not reside within the jurisdiction of the court, for the payment of such costs as may be awarded to the defendant. 1 Tidd, Pr. 534. Ex parte Louisville & N. R. Co., 124 Ala. 547, 27 South. 239.

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SPECIAL BASTARD

One born of parents before marriage, the parents afterwards intermarrying. By the civil and Scotch law he would be then legitimated.

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SELECT COUNCIL

The name given, in some states, to the upper house or branch of the council of a city.

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SIMPLE BATTERY

In criminal law and torts. A beating of a person, not accompanied by circumstances of aggravation, or not resulting in grievous bodily injury.

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SEVERAL COUNTS

Where a plaintiff has several distinct causes of action, he is allowed to pursue them cumulatively in the same action, subject to certain rules which the law pre- scribos. Wharton.

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SIMPLE BLOCKADE

One established by a naval commander acting on his own discretion and responsibility, or under the direction of a superior officer, but without governmental orders or notification. The Circassian, 2 Wall. 150, 17 L. Ed. 796.

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SPECIAL COUNT

As opposed to the common counts, in pleading, a special count is a statement of the actual facts of the particular case, or a count in which the plaintiff’s claim is set forth with all needed particularity. Wertheim v. Casualty Co., 72 Vt 320, 47 Atl. 1071

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SIMPLE BOND

At common law, a bond without penalty; a bond for the payment of a definite sum of money to a named obligee on demand or on a day certain. Burnside v. Wand, 170 Mo. 631, 71 S. W. 337, 62 L. R. A. 427.

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SPIRITUAL COURTS

In English law. The ecclesiastical courts, or courts Christian. See 3 Bl. Comm. 01

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SINGLE BOND

A deed whereby the obligor obliges himself, his heirs, executors, and administrators, to pay a certain sum of money to the obligee at a day named, without terms of defeasance.

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SECOND COUSINS

Persons who are related to each other by descending from the same great-grandfather or great- grandmother. The children of one’s first cousins are his second cousins. These are sometimes called “‘first cousins once removed.” Slade v. Fooks 9 Sim. 387; Corporation of Bridgnorth v. Collins, 15 Sim. 541.

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SPECIAL ADMINISTRATION

Authority to administer upon some few particular effects of a decedent as opposed to authority to administer his whole estate. In re Senate Bill, 12 Colo. 193, 21 Pac. 4S2; Clemens v. Walker, 40 Ala. 198.

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SPECIAL CALENDAR

A calendar or list of causes, containing those set down specially for hearing, trial, or argument.

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SECURED CREDITOR

See SECURED.

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