Legal Articles

HIDAGE

HIDAGE. An extraordinary tax formerly payable to the crown for every hide of land. Thistaxation was levied, not in money, but provision of armor, etc. Cowell.

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HILARY TERM

In English law. A term of court, begining on the 11th and ending onthe 31st of January in each year. Superseded (1875) by Hilary sittings, which beginJanuary 11th, and end on the Wednesday before Easter.

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HIS TESTIBUS

Lat. These being witnesses. The attestation clause in old deeds andcharters.

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HOCKETTOR, or HOCQUETEUR

A kuight of the post; a decayed man ; a basket carrier. Cowell.

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HOLY ORDERS

In ecclesiastical law. The orders of bishops, (including archbishops.)priests, and deacons in the Church of England. The Roman canonists had the orders ofbishop, (in which the pope and archbishops were included.) priest, deacon, subdeacon,psalmist, acolyte, exorcist, reader, ostiarius. 3 Steph. Comm. 55, and note a.

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HOMME

Fr. Man; a man. This term is defined by the Civil Code of Louisiana toinclude a woman. Article 3522, notes 1, 2.

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HONORIS RESPECTUM

By reason of honor or privilege. See CIIATXENOE.

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HORNING

In Scotch law. “Letters of horning” is the name given to a judicial processissuing on the decree of a court, by which the debtor is summoned to perform hisobligation in terms of the decree, the consequence of his failure to do so being liabilityto arrest and imprisonment It was anciently the custom to proclaim a debtor who hadfailed to obey such process a rebel or outlaw, which was done by three blasts of thehorn by the king’s sergeant in a public place. This was called “putting to the horn,”whence the name.

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HOSTELER

See HOSTLER.

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HOUSEHOLDER

The occupier of a house. Brande. More correctly, one who keepshouse with his family; the head or master of a family. Webster; 18 Johns. 302. Onewho has a household ; the head of a household See Greenwood v. Maddox, 27 Ark.655; Sullivan v. Canan, Wils. (Ind.) 534; Shively v. Laukford, 174 Mo. 535, 74 S. W.835.

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HUNDRED-WEIGHT

A denomination of weight containing, according to the Englishsystem, 112 pounds; but in this country, generally, it consists of 100 pounds avoirdupois.

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HUSCARLE

In old English law. A house servant or domestic; a man of thehousehold. Spelman.A king’s vassal, thane, or baron; an earl’s man or vassal. A term of frequent occurrencein Domesday Book.

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HYPOTHEC

In Scotland, the terra “hypothec” is used to signify the landlord’s rightwhich, independently of any stipulation, he has over the crop and stocking of histenant. It gives a security to the landlord over the crop of each year for the rent ofthat year, and over the cattle and stocking on the farm for the current year’s rent,which last continues for three months after the last conventional term for the paymentof the rent Bell.

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HYTHE

In English law. A port, wharf, or small haven to embark or land merchandiseat Cowell; Blount.

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HIGH DILIGENCE

The same as great diligence

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HIGH BAILIFF

An officer attached to an English county court. His duties are to attend the court when sitting; to serve summonses ; and to execute orders, warrants, writs, etc. St. 9 & 10 Vict. c. 95.

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HALF-BLOOD

A term denoting the degree of relationship which exists between those who have the same father or the same mother, but not both parents in common

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HIGH COURT OF ADMIRALTY

In English law. This was a court which exercised jurisdiction in prize cases, and had general jurisdiction in maritime causes, on the instance side. Its proceedings were usually in rem, and its practice and principles derived in large measure from the civil law. The judicature acts of 1873 transferred all the powers and jurisdiction of this tribunal to the probate, divorce, anil admiralty division of the high court of justice.

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HIGH COURT OF ERRORS AUD APPEALS

The court of last resort in the state of Mississippi.

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HIGH CRIMES

High crimes and misdemeanors are such immoral and unlawful acts as are nearly allied and equal in guilt to felony, yet, owing to some technical circumstance, do I not fall within the definition of “felony.” State ” v. Knapp, 6 Conn. 417, 16 Am. Dec. 68.

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