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GRAND ASSIZE

A peculiar species of trial by jury, introduced in the time of Heniy II., giving the tenant or defendant in a writ of right the alternative of a trial by battel, or by his peers. Abolished by 3 & 4 Wm. IV. c. 42,

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GROSS AVERAGE

In maritime law. A contribution made by the owners of a ship, its cargo, and the freight, towards the loss sustained by the voluntary and necessary sacrifice of property for the common safety, in proportion to their respective interests. More commonly called “general average,” (5. v.) See 3 Kent, Comm. 232; 2 Steph. Comm. 179. Wilson v. Cross, 33 Cal. 09.

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GRATUITOUS BAILMENT

Another name for a depositum or naked bailment, which is made only for the benefit of the bailor and is not a source of profit to the bailee. Foster v. Essex Bank, 17 Mass. 499, 9 Am. Dec. 108.

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GRAND BILL OF SALE

In English law. The name of an instrument used for the transfer of a ship while she is at sea. An expression which is understood to refer to the instrument whereby a ship was originally transferred from the builder to the owner, or first purchaser. 3 Kent, Comm. 133. 9. In the law of negotiable Instruments. A promissory obligation for the payment of money. Standing alone or without qualifying words, the term is understood to mean a bank note, United States treasury note, or other piece of paper circulating as money. Green v. State, 28 Tex. App. 493, 13 S. VV. 785; Keith v. Jones, 9 Johns. (N. Y.) 121; Jones v. Fales, 4 Mass. 252.

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GRAND CAPE

A judicial writ in the old real actions, which issued for the demandant where the tenant, after being duly summoned, neglected to appear on the return of the writ, or to cast an essoin, or, in case of an essoin being cast, neglected to appear on the adjournment day of the essoin; its object being to compel an appearance. Rose. Real Act. 105, et seq. It was called a “cape,” from the word with which it commenced, and a “grand cape” (or cape magnum) to distinguish if from the petit cape, which lay after appearance.

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GARENA

A term used in the old ecclesiastical law to denote a period of forty days.

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GERVUS

Lat. A stag or deer

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GENERAL CHALLENGE

A species of challenge for cause, being an objection to a particular juror, to the effect that the juror is disqualified from serving in any case. Pen. Code Cal.

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GENERAL CHARGE

A charge or instruction by the court to the jury upon the case as a whole, or upon its general features or characteristics.

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GUARDIANS OF THE POOR

Poor rate. In English law.A tax levied by parochial authorities for the relief of the poor.

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