Legal Articles

AURA EPILEPTIC A

In medical jurisprudence. A term used to designate the sensation of a cold vapor frequently experienced by epileptics before the loss of consciousness occurs in an epileptic fit. Aureutz v. Anderson, 3 Pittsb. R. (Pa.) 311.

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AUTOGRAPH

The handwriting of any one.

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AUXILIUM REGIS

In English law. The king’s aid or money levied for the royal use and the public service, as taxes granted by parliament.

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AVER SILVER

A custom or rent formerly so called.

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AVOID

To annul; cancel; make yoid; to destroy the efficacy of anything.

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AWARD, N

The decision or determination rendered by arbitrators or commissioners, or other private or extrajudicial deciders, upon a controversy submitted to them ; also the writing or document embodying such decision. Halnon v. Ilalnon, 55 Vt 321; Henderson v. Beaton, 52 Tex. 43; Peters v. Peirce, 8 Mass. 398; Benjamin v. U. S., 29 Ct. CI. 417.

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ATTACHING CREDITOR

One who has caused an attachment to be issued and levied on property of his debtor.

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Amentia

A total lack of intelligence, reason, or mental capacity. Sometimes so used as to cover imbecility or dotage, or even as applicable to all forms of insanity ; but properly restricted to a lack of mental capacity due to original defective organization of the brain (idiocy) or arrested cerebral development, as distinguished from the degeneration of intellectual faculties which once were normal.

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AVERAGE

And see Peters v. Warren Ins. Co., 19 Fed. Cas. 370.

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ACTUAL DAMAGES

Are real, substantial and just damages, or the amount awarded to a complainant in compensation for his actual and real loss or injury, as opposed on the one hand to “nominal” damages, and on the other to “exemplary” or “punitive” damages. Ross v. Leggett, 61 Mich. 445, 28 N. W. 695. 1 Am. St Rep. 608: Lord v. Wood, 120 Iowa, 303, 94 N. W. 842; Western Union Tel. Co. v. Lawson, 66 Kan.. 600, 72 Pac. 2S3; Field v. Monster. 11 Tex. Civ. App. 341, 32 S. W. 417; Oliver v. Columbia, etc., R. Co., 05 S. C. 1, 43 S. E. 307; Gatzow v. Buening, 106 Wis. 1. 81 N. W. 1003, 49 L. R. A. 475, 80 Am. St. Rep. 1 ; Osborn v. Leach, 135 X. C. 02S 47 S. E. 811, 66 L. R. A. 648; Gen. St. Minn. 1S94.

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AFFIRMATIVE DAMAGES

In admiralty law, affirmative damages are damages which a respondent in a libel for injuries to a vessel may recover, which may be in excess of any amount which the libellant would be entitled to claim. Ebert v. The Reuben Doud (D. C.t 3 Fed. 520.

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ASTRONOMICAL DAY

The period of twenty- four hours beginning and ending at noon.

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ARTIFICIAL DAY

The time between the rising and setting of the sun; that is. day or daytime as distinguished from night.

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