Focusing on system structure instead of system functionality, it is one of the several methodologies that uses system logic approach to solving complex phenomenon and problems. Proposes that, regardless of their purpose, complex systems share some basic organizing principles based on mathematical, logic models. Operations research, systems analysis, and systems dynamics are similar methods. Around 1955 Austrian biologist Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901-72) and UK economist Kenneth Boulding (1910-93) introduced this theory.
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