If you're a life insurance beneficiary, chances are good that you have an intimate relationship with your benefactor. In most cases, life insurance beneficiaries are related to their benefactors by blood or marriage. It's likely that your benefactor is your spouse, parent or child. In rare cases, your benefactor might be an intimate friend.
In any case, receiving the policy's payout might turn out to be a bittersweet experience. It's true that the value of the death benefit that you stand to receive could exceed $100,000 and provide you with some much-needed financial breathing room. On the other hand, you'd only receive this benefit after the death of one of your closest friends or relatives. For many life insurance beneficiaries, this can produce a conflicting range of emotions.
Life insurance payouts can also give rise to a host of practical complications. If your benefactor died with a significant amount of debt on his or her estate, you might be wondering whether you'll be able to use your policy's death benefit. If you're worried about becoming responsible for your benefactors debts in the wake of his or her death, you'll need to keep several things in mind.
For starters, the rules that govern life insurance payouts may vary from state to state. In Massachusetts, life insurance beneficiaries are generally protected from liability for their benefactors' debts. In other words, you can't legally be forced to use your death benefit to pay down the debts on your benefactor's estate. Along with IRA accounts, 401(k) plans and certain other tax-protected investment vehicles, life insurance benefits are protected from seizure by Massachusetts law. This rule applies to life insurance benefits that are disbursed as lump-sum payments or ongoing annuities.
There are certain circumstances in which you might be forced to cover some of your benefactor's debts. If his or her legal will explicitly states that the proceeds from his or her life insurance policy must be used to cover specific debts, you're legally obligated to turn over the applicable funds. In most cases, such a provision will apply to a single debt vehicle or class. For instance, your benefactor might stipulate that a portion of your death benefit must be used to pay down the outstanding balance on his or her mortgage. However, it's important to note that your death benefit can't be seized by your benefactor's creditors in the absence of such a specific stipulation.