What is UBERRIMA FIDES?

Lat. The most abundant good faith; absolute and perfect candor or openness and honesty; the absence of any concealment or deception, however slight. Ubi aliquid conceditur, conceditur et id sine quo res ipsa esse non potest. When anything is granted, that also is granted without which the thing granted cannot exist. Rroom, Max. 4S3 ; 13 Mees. & W. TOG. Ubi aliquid iinpeditur propter unuin, eo remoto, tollitur impedimentum. Where anything is impeded by one single cause, if that be removed, the impediment is removed. Branch, Princ., citing 5 Coke, 77a. Ubi cessat remedium ordinarium, ibl decurritnr ad extraordinarium. Where the ordinary remedy fails, recourse must be had to an extraordinary one. 4 Coke, 926. Ubi culpa est, ibi poena subesse debet. Where the crime is committed, there ought the punishment to be undergone. Jenk. Cent. 325. Ubi damna dantur, victus victor! in expensis condemnari debet. Where damages are given, the vanquished party ought to be condemned in costs to the victor. 2 Inst. 2S9. Ubi eadem ratio, ibi eadem lex; et de similibus idem est judicium. 7 Coke, 18. Where the same reason exists, there the same law prevails; and, of things similar, the judgment is similar. Ubi et dantis et accipientis turpitudo versatur, non posse repeti dicimus; quo- tiens autem accipientis turpitudo versatur, repeti posse. Where there is turpitude on the part of both giver and receiver, we say it cannot be recovered back ; but as often as the turpitude is on the side of the receiver [alone] it can be recovered back. Mason v. Waite, 17 Mass. 502. Ubi factum nullum, ibi fortia nulla. Where there is no principal fact, there can be no accessory. 4 Coke, 42G. Ubi jus, ibi remedium. Where there is a right, there is a remedy. Broom. Max. 191, 204; 1 Term R. 512; Co. Litt. 1976. Ubi jus incertum, ibi jus nullum. Where the law is uncertain, there is no law. Ubi lex aliquem cogit ostendere causam, necesse est quod causa sit justa et legitima. Where the law compels a man to show cause, it is necessary that the cause be just and lawful. 2 Inst. 289. Ubi lex est specialis, et ratio ejus generalis, generaliter accipienda est. 2 lust. 43. Where the law is special, and the reason of it general, it ought to be taken as being general. Ubi lex non distinguit, nec nos distin- guere debemus. Where the law does not distinguish, neither ought we to distinguish. 7 Coke, 56. Ubi major pars est, ibi totum. Where the greater part is, there the whole is. That is, majorities govern. Moore, 578. Ubi non adest norma legis, omnia quasi pro suspectis babenda sunt. When the law fails to serve as a rule, almost everything ought to be suspected. Bac. Aphorisms, 25. Ubi non est annua renovatio, ibi de- cimse non debent solvi. Where there is no annual renovation, there tithes ougut not to be paid. Ubi non est condendi auctoritas, ibi non est parendi neeessitas. Dav. Ir. IC. B. 69. Where there is no authority for establishing a rule, there is no necessity of obeying it Ubi non est directa lex, standum est arbitrio judicis, vel procedendum ad similia. Ellesm. Post. N. 41. Where there is no direct law, the opinion of the judge is to be taken, or references to be made to similar cases. Ubi non est lex, ibi non est trans- gressio, quoad mundum. Where there is no law, there is no transgression, so far as relates to the world. 4 Coke, 166. Ubi non est manifesta injustitia, ju- dices habentur pro bonis viris, et judi- catum pro veritate. Where there is no manifest injustice, the judges are to he regarded as honest men, and their judgment as truth. Goix v. Low, 1 Johns. Cas. (X. Y.) 341, 345.

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