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HYPOTHESIS

A supposition, assumption, or theory; a theory set up by the prosecution,on a criminal trial, or by the defense, as an explanation of the facts in evidence,and a ground for inferring guilt or innocence, as the case may be, or asindicating a probable or possible motive for the crime.

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HYPOTHETICAL QUESTION

A combination of assumed or proved facts and circumstances,stated in such form as to constitute a coherent and specific situation or state of facts, upon which the opinion of an expert is asked, by way of evidence on a trial. Howard v. People, 185 111. 552, 57 N. E. 441; People v. Durrant, 116 Cal. 216, 48 Pac. 85; Cowley v. People, 83 N. Y. 464, 38 Am. Rep. 464; Stearns v. Field, 90 N. Y.

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HYPOTHETICAL QUESTIONS

These are some of the questions asked of witnesses in trials that are based on assumed facts or a theory.

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HYPOTHETICAL YEARLY TENANCY

The basis, in England, of rating lands andhereditaments to the poor-rate, and to other rates and taxes that are expressed to beleviable or assessable In like manner as the poor-rate.

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HYRNES

In old English law. A parish.

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HYSTERIA

A paroxysmal disease or disorder of the nervous system, more commonin females than males, not originating in any anatomical lesion, due to psychic ratherthan physical causes, and attended, in the acute or convulsive form, by extraordinarymanifestations of secondary effects of extreme nervousness.Hysteria is a state in which ideas control the body and produce morbid changes inits functions. Mtebius. A special psychic state, characterized by symptoms which canalso be produced or reproduced by suggestion, and which can be treated bypsychotherapy or persuasion, hysteric and hypnotic states being practically equivalentto each other. Babinski. A purely psychic or mental disorder due to hereditarypredisposition. Charcot. A state resulting from a psychic lesion or nervous shock,leading to repression or aberration of the sexual instinct. Freud. Hysteria is much morecommon in women than in men, and was formerly thought to be due to some disorderof the uterus or sexual system; but it is now known that it may occur in men, inchildren, and in very aged persons of either sex.In the convulsive form of hysteria, commonly called "hysterics" or "a fit of hysterics,"there is nervestorm characterized by loss or abandonment of self-control in theexpression of the emotions, particularly grief, by paroxysms of tears or laughter or bothtogether, sensations of constriction as of a ball rising in the throat (globus hystericus),convulsive movements in the chest, pelvis, and abdomen, sometimes leading to a fallwith apparent unconsciousness, followed by a relapse into semi- unconsciousness orcatalepsy. In the non-convulsive forms, all kinds of organic paralyses may be simulated,as well as muscular contractions and spasms, tremor, loss of sensation (a>ir wstlwsia)or exaggerated sensation (hyperesthesia). disturbances of respiration, disordered appetite,accelerated pulse, hemorrhages in the skin (stigmata), pain, swelling, or evendislocation of the joints, and great amenability to suggestion.

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HYSTEROPOTMOI

Those who, having been thought dead, had, after a long absencein foreign countries, returned safely home; or those who, having been thoughtdead in battle, had afterwards unexpectedly escaped from their enemies and returnedhome. These, among the Romans, were not permitted to enter their own houses at thedoor, but were received at a passage opened in the roof. Enc. Lond.

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HYSTEROTOMY

The Casarean operation. See CESAREAN SECTION.

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HYTHE

In English law. A port, wharf, or small haven to embark or land merchandiseat Cowell; Blount.

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