The main function of a computer crimes cyber security specialist is to keep their employer's computer information system (CIS) safe from hackers. Cyber criminals have different reasons for wanting access to private records. Some criminals may want to shut down a corporation for a few days if the hacker has a grudge against the company. Others may want access to government information to learn top secret information and sell it to the highest bidder. Cyber criminals also steal social security numbers and credit card numbers. Cyber criminals commit fraud by using the stolen information to make online purchases.
Specialists work to prevent unauthorized users from gaining access to their system. Another way to keep data safe is to limit employee access to information based on their position in the company. Specialists also monitor their CIS to look for attempts to infect the system with malware, viruses, denial of service, and phishing.
Computer crimes security specialists inspect the CIS for vulnerabilities and make recommendations on how to improve the CIS. Security specialists may develop new software to prevent attacks or to discover attacks. They can choose to use currently existing software and hardware solutions to protect their employer's data. Another responsibility is to create a contingency plan in case of a successful attack.
Median annual salary for cyber security specialists is $75,000 as of May, 2010. Salary will vary based on education level, years of experience, and geographic location.
How to Become a Computer Crimes Cyber Security Specialist
In order to have the best chances of being considered for such a position, consider earning a bachelor's degree in information technology or computer science. Specialists may work for the government, information technology (IT) firms, military, financial institutions, computer security consulting firms, and private corporations.
In order to advance your knowledge and increase your chances of getting hired, consider earning professional certifications. Check with employers you are interested in to see what certifications they prefer. One highly regarded certification is the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP).
Schools For Computer Crimes Cyber Security